Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme:- The Indian government introduced the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) program in 2015 to address gender inequity and women’s empowerment in the country. The phrase “Save the girl child, educate the girl child” is what the name Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao means. The program seeks to increase the effectiveness of welfare services for girls and educate the public against gender bias. An initial investment of Rs. Its launch cost 100 crores, or roughly $13.5 million.
The Indian government introduced the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) program in 2015 to address issues of gender inequality and women’s empowerment in the country. The phrase “Save the girl child, educate the girl child” is what the name Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao means. The program seeks to increase the effectiveness of welfare services for girls and educate the public against gender bias. An initial investment of Rs. Its launch cost 100 crores, or roughly US$ 13.5 million.
The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana aims to achieve the following goals:
- Boost the child-to-adult ratio.
- Assure women’s empowerment and gender equality
- Avoid sex-selective, gender-biased eradication
- Ensure the girl child is safe and has a good life.
- Encourage girls to participate in and receive an education
to decrease the disparity between genders in the under-five child mortality rate from eight points in 2014 to four points by 2017. Reduce the number of underweight and anemic girls under the age of five to improve the nutritional status of girls (from NHFS data). Utilising the combined Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS), National Health Mission (NHM), and Mother Child Protection Card (MCPC), ensures the universalization of ICDS, females’ attendance, and equitable care monitoring. Raise the proportion of girls engaged in secondary education from 76% in 2013–2014 to 79% by 2017. By 2017, every school should have a lavatory for girls. By putting the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 into effect, you can create a more secure atmosphere for female children (POCSO).
Benefits of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
- Districts have implemented a number of initiatives under this scheme to raise awareness among target populations and other stakeholders:
- Digital Guddi-Gudda Board: An online platform that shows the gender gap in birth rates and offers details on policies and initiatives designed to protect girls and women
- Udaan – Sapne Di Duniya De Rubaru: A Programme that gives ladies the chance to work as professional shadows in any industry they choose
- My Objective, My Goal Campaign:
- An initiative designed to recognize and honor ladies who excel academically in higher secondary schools
- Lakshya Se Rubaru: An internship program designed to help female college students make well-informed career decisions
- Jeevan Ka Betiyan Noor:
- A week-long campaign featuring interactive, theme-based activities centered around woman empowerment was held in Panchayats, schools, and colleges.
- Bitiya and Birba: Environmental conservation and BP awareness promotion. This celebrates and honors every mother of a newborn girl child by giving her a plant.
- The Aao School Chalein: A door-to-door enrollment campaign and registrations to guarantee that all girls are enrolled in schools
- Collector Ki Class is an initiative that provides poor females in public schools and colleges with free coaching sessions and career advising.
- Bal Cabinet: A youth leadership curriculum in which female students act out ministerial and cabinet responsibilities in the government to debate and settle issues.
- There should be a girl child in the home who is younger than ten.
- The daughter child of the family should open a Sukanya Samriddhi Account (SSA) in any Indian bank.
- The girl child ought to be an Indian resident. NRI citizens are not eligible to participate in the BP program.
Need For Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
The sex ratio (CSR) and the child-to-birth ratio (SRB), two important gender metrics, showed declines in the 2011 national census figures, which prompted the commencement of the campaign. CSR is the number of females for every 1,000 boys in the 0–6 age group. Between 1999 and 2001, the ratio showed a consistent downward trend, falling from 945 to 927. In 2011, this fell even further, to 918 females for every 1,000 boys. A thorough analysis of the drop revealed that SRB was the main cause. The decline in these ratios, which is a significant sign of gender inequality and women’s lack of power, represents prejudice against women both before and after childbirth. This includes discrimination against women in sex-selective abortion and postpartum discrimination that ignores girls’ health, nutritional needs, and educational opportunities.
Key Features of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
- arranging discussions and debates about lowering the child-to-sex ratio (CSR) in order to raise awareness and guarantee improvement.
- promoting community involvement and striving for improved development in relation to a girl child’s development and delivery.
- launching extensive communication campaigns to spread knowledge about the BBBP program.
- Educating local government representatives and involving staff members of government agencies and educational institutions in the push for social change.
- The goal of the BP program is to prevent inhumane practices such as female infanticide and foeticide while also protecting girls.
- Encouraging women to participate in education is essential to guaranteeing that every girl child has appropriate access to education.
- The program seeks to improve the proportion of children to adults in states like Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, and Uttarakhand.
- The program also aims to prevent child marriage and protect young girls from associated psychological and physical abuse as well as domestic abuse.
- Another important component of the program across the nation is the promotion of gender equality.
- For the purpose of securing their future education, growth, and advancement, female children are encouraged to have financial security through the BPS program.
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Strategies of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
- To advance education and establish equal value for girls by appropriately executing a long-term social mobilization and communication campaign
- to bring attention to and strengthen the CSR/SRB decline issues in public discourse, which would be a sign of good governance.
- concentrating on gender-critical areas and low-corporate social responsibility (CSR) cities in order to take comprehensive, coordinated action and interact with locals to combat gender norms and stereotypes.
- implementing creative solutions that take into account the districts’ unique requirements, circumstances, and tastes.
- to guarantee that the services provided by various programs and schemes adequately address the rights of children and gender concerns.
Expansions of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
- Ensuring a yearly 1% growth in female and female-led secondary enrollment and skill development.
- Ensuring that youth finish their education, acquire new skills, and join the workforce in a range of professions.
- Spreading knowledge about the safety of menstruation hygiene.
- Advocating for the outlawing of child marriage.
- Step 1: Go to the bank or post office in the location where the program is offered.
- Step 2: Get the BP/SSA application and fill it out.
- Step 3: The form must be manually completed and submitted with any necessary supporting documentation.
- Step 4: Deliver the paperwork to the identical post office or bank. It is necessary to open the account in the girl child’s name.
- It is possible to move this account effortlessly from one bank or post office account to another.
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A few documents are needed in order for this plan to be implemented successfully. The list of documents you will want in this respect is as follows:
- a birth certificate from a hospital or any other authorized government agency.
- Parental identity proof, such as an Aadhar card or ration card, among others.
- Utility bills, such as phone, power, or water bills, as well as a driver’s license or passport, among other documents, serve as proof of address.
- A passport-size photograph.
In tackling the issue of gender disparity, raising social awareness, and encouraging girl child education, the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao initiative has achieved impressive strides. The BP program offers the parents and guardians a number of advantages as incentives. For females in India to have a better future, however, consistent work and a multifaceted approach are essential.
Q. When was Beti Bachao Beti Padhao launched?
Ans- The project was launched on January 22, 2015, in Haryana.
Q. What is the interest rate on the accounts of the girl child?
Ans- These accounts have an annual interest rate of 8.1%.
Q. When are withdrawals allowed?
Ans- The girl can only take out the money after she reaches eighteen.
Q. What is the maximum deposit limit in a year?
Ans- The maximum amount deposited in a year is Rs. 1.5 lakh.
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