Swamitva Yojana: Rural mapping and survey using makeshift technology in rural areas is known as SVAMITVA. April 24, 2020, saw the announcement of the Central Sector Yojana plan. Its goal is to use modern technology to survey areas where people live in rural areas, known as Abadi areas. The goal of the campaign is to reach 6.5 lakh villages throughout India. This program will run for four years, from 2021 to 2025, in phases, with a planned cost of ₹79.65 crores for the pilot phase.
The Ministry of Panchayati Raj’s new SVAMITVA plan will survey land parcels in rural regions using drone technology, the state-of-the-art in surveying. This program was initially a study that spanned six states. Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Karnataka, and Madhya Pradesh are among them.
What Are the Objectives of SVAMITVA Yojana?
These are the goals of the SVAMITVA program.
- Allow the villagers to use their property as collateral for loans from banks and other financial organizations to ensure their financial security.
- Accurately document all land for rural planning purposes.
- Reduce issues about property.
- Contribute to the creation of GIS maps and survey structures so that other departments can use them as needed.
- Calculate the property tax.
How Does SVAMITVA Yojana Work?
Drones will be used to survey and map residential village property as part of the PM SVAMITVA program. Following precise drone mapping, state governments will create property cards for every village property. This property card will be sent to the villagers after it has been registered with the Department of Land Revenue Records.
Now that we have a thorough understanding of the SVAMITVA scheme’s goal and methodology, we can move on to the sections that discuss the scheme’s beneficiaries, features, and anticipated results.
Who Can Be a Beneficiary of SVAMITVA Yojana?
Villagers who move into inhabited areas on or after September 25, 2018, will be eligible for the SVAMITVA Yojana benefits.
What Are the Features of SVAMITVA Yojana?
The PM Modi SVAMITVA Yojana operates in stages. These are –
- Phase I- Pilot Phase I, which runs from April 2020 until March 2021, is the first phase. In Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Haryana, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh, one lakh villages are covered in this phase. During this stage, the relevant authorities will set up a network of Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CROS) across the States of Punjab and Rajasthan.
- Phase II- This phase, which will encompass over 6.62 lakh villages, will run from April 2021 to March 2025. It is also expected to construct a CROS network of 567 CORS stations.
What Are the Benefits of SVAMITVA Yojana?
- Ownership rights over their properties are granted by this method.
- Property owners who meet the eligibility requirements will receive property cards, which they can use to apply for loans.
- SVAMITVA Yojana uses village property demarcation and mapping to guarantee the strong development of rural areas. The government will be able to plan infrastructure projects in rural areas with the aid of this strategy.
- The use of satellite mapping and drone technologies has also reduced the possibility of making mistakes while delineating property borders.
What Are the Expected Outcomes of SVAMITVA Yojana?
After the SVAMITVA Yojana’s designated period has elapsed, property cards will be given to eligible rural owners and “records of rights” will be amended in revenue or property registers. As a result, they can use their property as collateral when needed. Additionally, this plan will make it easier for authorities to determine property taxes, which they will employ to guarantee better civic amenities.
India is getting closer to realizing the Prime Minister’s goal of digitizing the country with the help of the SVAMITVA Yojana. Rural residents can now legally own their property and use it for their needs thanks to this program.
Also Read: Pradhan Mantri Dhan Laxmi Yojana
Activities Under the Swamitva Scheme
- Conducting a Survey: To build a database of landholdings, the program begins with a survey of rural families. In order to guarantee precision and speed, this operation makes use of drones and modern technology.
- Issuing Property Cards: Rural households receive property cards based on survey results. These cards include vital information about the landholding, such as its size, location, and ownership status. The cards can serve as official documentation of ownership.
- Strengthening Infrastructure: The program also prioritizes improving land records management systems and property registration procedures, as well as other property-related infrastructure in rural areas. This improves the efficiency and transparency of real estate transactions.
- Conducting Awareness Campaigns: Campaigns to inform rural households about the value of the Swamitva scheme and the advantages of property ownership are part of the program. Print, television, radio, and other media are all used in these campaigns.
- Scope of the Scheme
- Eventually, the SWAMITVA Yojana program will encompass every village across the nation.
- The initiative will run from April 2020 to March 2025, a span of five years.
- Several states were included in the Pilot Phase of the Scheme, which ran from FY 2020–2021 and included Punjab, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Haryana. During the pilot phase, the states of Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Haryana created the CORS network.
Four Major Areas of Impact
- Inclusive Society: Development experts and researchers have discovered a correlation between “Access to Property Rights” and the improvement of socioeconomic standards for vulnerable populations in villages. Aiming to make this feasible is the Swamitva Yojana.
- Land management: As a resource, land is necessary for any economic endeavour that aims to produce material riches worldwide. An obvious consequence of the lack of a clearly defined Abadi area is the high incidence of land conflict cases. Studies show that land conflicts have an impact on millions of people worldwide, including in India. Addressing local disputes at their root is the goal of the Swamitva Yojana.
- Adaptive Habitat: High-resolution digital maps provided by Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDP) would enable improved roads, schools, community health centres, and other infrastructure.
Also Read: Jal Jeevan Hariyali Yojana-2
What Outcomes Does the Swamitva Yojana Hope to Achieve?
After the Svamitva Yojana’s designated period has elapsed, qualified rural proprietors will receive property cards and the “records of rights” in revenue or property registries will be amended. As a result, they can exert pressure using their property. Furthermore, this proposal will streamline the duties associated with determining property taxes, which the government will utilize to ensure improved public facilities.
Thanks to the Swamitva Yojana, India is getting closer to achieving the Prime Minister’s goal of digitizing the nation. Rural residents can now legally purchase their property and use it for their own purposes thanks to this initiative.
What Advantages Does the Swamitva Yojana Offer?
- Under this approach, they receive ownership rights over their properties.
- Under this scheme, eligible property owners will receive property cards that they can use to qualify for loans.
- Mapping and village property delineation are two tools used by Swamitva Yojana to guarantee the healthy development of rural areas. This strategy would help the government when planning infrastructure improvements in rural areas.
- Using drone technology and satellite mapping also reduces the possibility of errors when identifying property boundaries.
How to Apply for Swamitva Yojana?
- Step 1: Go to the Swamitva Yojana’s official website at https://swamitva.nic.in/ and select the “Apply Online” option.
- Step 2: Choose the state on the new page.
- Step 3: Give your contact details.
- Step 4: Enter the survey number and any property details, such as the tehsil.
- Step 5: Upload the required files.
- Step6: Click Submit
- Step 7: There will be a survey to confirm the information.
- Step 8: Once your property has been verified, you will receive a certificate of ownership.
Swamitva Yojana: In response to the plan, property owners will receive property cards, and the revenue/property registers’ “record-of-rights” will be changed. Consequently, the process of monetizing rural housing assets for lending and other financial services would be streamlined. This would also open the door for a straightforward property tax assessment that would help general practitioners and result in better public facilities. Get in touch with Vakilsearch if you need any legal support for your property cards.
Q: Who is eligible for Swamitva Yojana benefits?
Ans: The Swamitva Yojana is open to all rural households that own land or other holdings in the communities. Several Indian states are now running the program.
Q: The Swamitva Yojana was launched when?
Ans: Following the successful completion of the program’s pilot phase (2020–2021) in nine states, the Hon. Prime Minister officially launched SVAMITVA, a Central Sector Scheme of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, on April 24, 2021, National Panchayati Raj Day.
Q: What Is the Swamitva Card?
Ans: A record of ownership known as the Swamitva card is provided to rural Indian households as part of the Swamitva Yojana. The card helps settle land ownership issues and acts as a documentation of property title.
Q: Which Ministry Implements the Swamitva Scheme?
Ans: The Ministry of Panchayati Raj, an arm of the Indian government, is in charge of implementing the Swamitva programme.
Q: When Did the Swamitva Scheme Start?
Ans: On April 24, 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Swamitva programme.